GENDARMERIE GENERAL COMMAND FORENSIC SYSTEM
Forensic System was established in order to help Gendarmerie Internal Security Corps, and Legal Bodies in detection of crime and criminals by scientifically examining the physical evidence collected by the order of public prosecutors during the execution of legal duties of Gendarmerie.
This system contains of Gendarmerie Forensic Department in Ankara (1993), Regional Forensic Departments in Van (1994), Aydın (2005) and İstanbul (2014). İn addition to this system, Crime Scene Investigation Teams have been established according to population density, area of responsibility, security, terrorism, transportation, tourism, crime density in 81 provinces and districts. Besides, Explosive Disposal Units have been established in the provinces where increased the area of the explosion events
Gendarmerie Forensic Department is a member of the European Network of Forensic Sciences Institutes (ENFSI) since 1998 which was established in 1995 for the purpose of:
-standardizing all the forensic procedures
-increasing the level of knowledge of staff, working in the laboratories, in parallel with the developments in technology.
-sharing knowledge, exchanging experiences and coming to mutual agreements in the field of forensic science.
Today there are 62 laboratories from 35 countries which are members of ENFSI.
1. Gendarmerie Forensic Department
Being Scientific Headquarter of Gendarmerie General Command on the struggle against crime and criminal(s) in the field of forensic sciences, Gendarmerie Forensic Department, was established in Ankara in 1993. Gendarmerie Forensic Department examines the evidences submitted to its laboratories from Turkish Judicial units.
The Forensic Department is composed of Administrative Units, Training Department, Scientific research and Support Units, Narcotic Examination Branch and It cansists of examination and analysis activities are carried out Aydın, İstanbul, Van and center laboratories.
Duties of Gendarmerie Forensic Department;
(1) To scientifically examine, arrange expertise reports and keep archive records according to the body of current law on the evidences sent by judicial offices, public associations and foundations.
(2) In important cases, to commission laboratory staff for reinforcing Crime Scene Investigation Teams and Units.
(3) Forensic Department performs examinations and analysis through Examination Branches in its establishment. These examinations include:
(a) To carry out scientific examinations on fingerprints, palm prints, shoeprints, tire treads and other marks, to archive legally-obtained fingerprints and palm prints in the Automated Fingerprint Archive System (AFIS) and to compare the fingerprints and palm prints obtained from crime scene with AFIS,
(b) To examine the firearms, and other weapons, cartridge cases and bullets, letters, numbers, and symbols on every kind of metal and to archive those materials,
(c) To carry out examinations on writing, signature, seal, cachet, paper, stamp, and valuable documents,
(d) To carry out physical examinations of explosives, to determine the production technique and firing mechanism of the bombs and explosive, to classify, and archive the information gathered from explosion incidents, in the bomb data center, and prepare liaison reports,
(e) To carry out analysis of narcotic and psychotropic substances, gun shot residues and explosive, to perform comparison analyses on metal, paint, soil, fiber, and glass, to carry out analysis towards determining the shooting distance, to determine their origin of drugs that are captured in important narcotic and psychotropic substance smuggling cases, and to send the reports concerning such cases to the United Nations relevant unit, if there becomes a disagreement among the reports, related to narcotic and psychotropic substances, given by several institutes, to give final report,
(f) To perform DNA analyses on hair, blood, semen, bone, tissue, teeth, and similar biological materials,
(g) To carry out examinations on audio and video media for determining repair, improvement, addition and erasure and for identifying the speaker, to decompose images recorded by close term camera system, to perform comparison on photograph.
2. Crime Scene Investigation Teams